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For each safety shoe, you need the right safety toe cap: Steel, aluminum, composite, fiber-glass or carbon-fiber? What is the right choice?

The guidance to the safety toe caps for shoes: steel, aluminum, composite materials, fiber glass and carbon-Fiber

The toecap has the fundamental purpose of protecting the fingers from shocks and crushing, while the three characteristics to be considered in the choice are the material, the shape and the use that must be done.

All the toecaps we produce guarantee impact and crush resistance according to current EN12568-s standards (impact up to 200J, compression up to 1500 kg).

The choice of the right material, with which the toe is made is of fundamental importance.

SAFiT, is the only one in the market to offer safety toecaps in a complete range of different materials, each of which is suitable for a specific use depending on the different types of safety shoes, use and destination of these protective devices.

Let's briefly analyse what the alternatives are:

  • Steel Toecap,
    • Made of carbon steel alloy on internal SAFiT specification, with hardening heat treatment, and epoxy surface paint.
  • Stamped aluminium toecap
    • Made of special aluminium alloy and manganese derived from aeronautics, for a light alternative to steel.
  • Injected aluminium alloy toecap,
    • An innovative SAFiT design technology, which allows to obtain a very light aluminium toecap, with very compact external dimensions for an incomparable silhouette.
  • Composite-ULTRA toecaps (no polycarbonate)
    • Made of an exclusive material (no polycarbonate) that resists chemical agents to hydrocarbons, and solvents.
  • Fibre glass toecap,
    • Made of interwoven glass fibres and injected epoxy resins.
  • Carbon fibre toecap
    • The best of the construction technology known up to now, transferred to a safety toe.

Depending on whether you are looking for maximum impact resistance or extreme comfort, lightness or strength, we offer specific solutions for all types of safety footwear.

All SAFiT toe have an accurate and cleverly designed construction to 3D CAD, so that the external surface of the toe is the same for all the different types of material. With the same model used, the outer shape remains the same, thus facilitating those who must pass from a version, for example of steel, to a composite-ULTRA, or from aluminium to glass fibre, or from steel to aluminium and so on, the injection rings that you will use will always be the same, with significant savings on investment costs in new equipment. It will be sufficient to adapt only the internal shape and adapt it to the corresponding different thicknesses.

You can choose our safety toe in steel, fiberglass, composite or aluminium, or carbon fibre and be sure, all materials ensure very high performances: the difference lies in lightness, flexibility or cost.

Our internal laboratory, has been RPN certified by Ricotest, constantly monitors all our products and regularly provides all the certificates of analysis and proof that we perform daily and systematically within us.

All our products are accompanied by a certificate issued by an independent and accredited external laboratory ACCREDIA, which certifies and proves the regularity and conformity according to the specifications of the EN12568S

This guide was created to provide, in an objective manner, an analysis of the different characteristics of each version, there is no better variant than others, or a better material, but each version in its own way is better suited to the use and / or use of the shoe. It is therefore very important to understand what the availability is and what the individual characteristics of each are, to make the most of every feature and obtain excellent results.

At the same time, just as the most relevant properties have been highlighted, the characteristics that are considered as a disadvantage have also been reported.

It is very important to understand and evaluate both these positive and negative characteristics well, to avoid using a product that is not suitable or that badly supports certain stresses or uses.

At the same time, once you have read and understood the different possibilities listed below, you can re-evaluate your current uses and check if you are using the most appropriate model or you can undertake a feasibility study phase for substitution with a different class, to improve performance or increase areas of use of your products.

In any case, our team is at your disposal to provide all technical and commercial information to the questions that you submit to us consequently to the reading and analysis of this document.

Here then to follow the complete guide to choose the perfect safety toe for the construction of your next shoe.

Steel toecaps

The SAFiT toe, made of hardened steel, are perfect for those who prefer strength and economy.

  • Transverse fibres
    • As everyone knows, steel also has internal fibres, due to the melting and rolling process, and just as a piece of wood presents a greater resistance to breakage if the stress we apply is transversal to the fibres rather than parallel to them. To guarantee maximum resistance, we manufacture all our production to have the material fibres arranged transversely to the impact force that is applied in the impact test according to EN12568s.
  • - Carbon steel alloy, exclusive specification SAFiT.
    • a chemical and physical formulation of the steel material specifically designed and customized, developed by years of experience, gives our toe an impact resistance and greater crushing, compared to the classic metal toe with the same weight.
    • the quality and consistency of the performance is a cornerstone of our characteristics, therefore, using the same raw material, which is the starting point, and of the highest level, guarantees us high and constant performance. Therefore, using an alloy made exactly to our specifications guarantees a consistency of higher performance. Conversely, those who buy common steel in the market have very wide variations that vary from manufacturer to producer, which then translate into changes in performance.
  • rounded lower corners
    • all SAFiT products have the edges of the two ends of the rounded toe, thus allowing a significant reduction in weight, increase comfort in walking, and prevent damage to the sole.
  • On all SAFiT toes in hardened steel it is possible to add the PVC rubber.
  • The thickness of the hardened steel safety toe can be 1.5; 1.6; 1.8 or 2.0mm.

Despite the complexity and the considerable work behind it to make the stamped steel toe, we have invested in technologies and automation, such as to allow a significant reduction in production costs over the years, obtaining the best toecap, at very competitive prices.

Strengths

Points of weakness

Excellent resistance to impact and compression tests

Considerable weight

Good corrosion resistance

Magnetic

Good resistance to chemical agents

Detectable to the metal detector

Excellent fire resistance

 

Great availability in the various models and sizes *

 

Minimal encumbrance

 

Constant and repetitive performances

 

* being a long-life article, over the years many models and many measures have been realized

Toecap in stamped aluminium alloy

The SAFiT toe, made of aluminum alloy, are made of specific material and obtained from a sheet metal plate with a thickness of 2.5mm, suitably deformed, and therefore have a constant thickness. For this reason, in order to guarantee adequate resistance to the impact and compression tests required by the EN12568S standard, they are externally more bulky, however, this allows a considerable reduction in weight compared to the steel toe.

  • Specially studied aluminium alloy;
    • a chemical and physical formulation specifically studied and personalized of the aeronautical derivation alloy, gives this toecap an adequate resistance to impact and crushing, which is obtained through the moulding technology for deformation, very similar to that of the corresponding steel toe.
  • rounded lower corners
    • all SAFiT products have the edges of the two ends of the rounded toe, thus allowing a significant reduction in weight, increase comfort in walking, and prevent damage to the sole.
  • On all SAFiT toes in hardened steel it is possible to add the PVC rubber.
  • The thickness of the hardened steel safety toe is 2.5mm.

Despite the complexity and the considerable work behind it to make the pressed aluminium toecap, we have invested in technologies and automation, derived from the experience of the production of steel toes, such as to allow a significant reduction in production costs.

Below are the advantages and disadvantages of choosing an aluminium stamped toecap:

Strengths

Points of weakness

Lightness, around 30% less weight of steel

Detectable to the metal detector

Good resistance to impact and compression tests

cumbersome

Excellent resistance to corrosion and to chemical agents

 

Excellent fire resistance

 

 

Injected aluminium toecap

SAFIT toecap, injected aluminum, are ideal for those looking for lightness and very low exterior silhouette. They are distinguished by being ultralight and ultra-strong. They are ideal for shoes that require lightness and comfort, but also robustness and strength. These toecap have a variable thickness, to better adapt to every type of shoe.

  • A production technology, exclusive, innovative and cutting edge.
    • A technology developed after years of research by our SAFiT R&D team with the aim of creating an aluminium toecap that could be ultra-light but at the same time very resistant, but not so bulky as stamped version is. The exclusive technology developed by the research centre of SAFiT confers a quality and a consistency of performances without equal.
  • - Aluminium alloy specially designed and built;
    • a chemical and physical formulation specifically designed and customized of the alloy, gives this toecap a greater impact and crush resistance, compared to the corresponding aluminium ones, without compromising the aesthetics of the toecap shape.
  • rounded lower corners
    • all SAFiT products have the edges of the two ends of the rounded toe, thus allowing a significant reduction in weight, increase comfort in walking, and prevent damage to the sole.
  • On all SAFiT toes in hardened steel it is possible to add the PVC rubber.
  • The thickness of the injected aluminium safety toecap is variable, thus allowing an extremely streamlined outer line of the shoe, to seem in all respects a normal shoe.

Despite the new technology developed to be extremely laborious and complicated, we have invested to reduce as much as possible the manual work, replacing it with technologies and automations, such as to allow a considerable reduction of production costs, we can offer the best aluminium toecap always, at very competitive prices.

Below are the advantages and disadvantages of choosing an aluminium injected toecap:

Strengths

Points of weakness

Lightness, around 40% less weight of steel

Detectable to the metal detector

Excellent resistance to impact and compression tests

little availability in the various models and sizes *

Excellent resistance to corrosion and to chemical agents

 

Excellent fire resistance

 

Minimal encumbrance

 

Constant and repetitive performances

 

Very tight construction tolerances

 

* is an innovative technology, all the variants are not yet available, but we are available to make the equipment you will need for your needs.

Toecap made of composite - ULTRA

SAFiT toecaps, made of innovative thermoplastic composite material (no polycarbonate), are light and comfortable.

  • Transverse fibres
    • As everyone knows, steel also has internal fibres, due to the melting and rolling process, and just as a piece of wood presents a greater resistance to breakage if the stress we apply is transversal to the fibres rather than parallel to them. To guarantee maximum resistance, we manufacture all our production to have the material fibres arranged transversely to the impact force that is applied in the impact test according to EN12568s.
  • Exclusive chemical formulation;
    • a specifically studied and customized chemical and physical formulation of the mixture of polymers called composite-UTRA, gives this toecap a good resistance to impact and crushing.
    • The formulation confers absolute resistance to chemical agents, including products derived from petroleum, as well as solvents and glues often used for making shoes.
  • The PVC strip can be added to all SAFiT composite-ULTRA toecaps.
  • The thickness of the composite-ULTRA safety toecap is variable, and on the front has a considerable thickness, it follows that the internal shape and the outer shape are different and deviate from a size.

 The composite-ULTRA toecap is light, non-magnetic, a perfect electrical insulation, and offers exceptional thermal insulation.

Following are the advantages and disadvantages of choosing the composite-ULTRA toecap:

Strengths

Points of weakness

Lightness, -40% weight of steel

Poor resistance to fire

Good resistance to impact and compression tests

cumbersome

Excellent resistance to corrosion and to chemical agents

Sensitive to moisture

Not detectable to the metal detector

 

Non-magnetic

 

Dielectric

 

Constant and repetitive performances

 

 

Glass fibre toecap

SAFiT glass fibre toecaps are lightweight, comfortable and very durable.

The main feature of non-magnetic composite resin and glass fibre safety toecaps is that they are very rigid, so they guarantee high performance with smaller overall dimensions compared to composite-ULTRA.

The production is performed almost entirely by hand, for this reason they are made in China.

  • Specially studied epoxy resin;
  • a chemical and physical formulation specifically designed and customized of the epoxy resin, gives this toecap a high rigidity and the intertwined and crossed glass fibres allow a high resistance to impact and crushing.
  • On all glass fibre SAFiT toecaps, it is possible to add PVC rubber.
  • The thickness of the glass fibre safety toecap is variable, and on the front has a greater thickness, but not excessive as for the composite-ULTRA version, it follows that the internal shape and the outer shape do not need to be climbed, but enough, some simple changes.

 The glass fibre toecap is light, non-magnetic, an excellent electrical insulator, offers exceptional thermal insulation, is particularly recommended for PVC boots; TPU; PU-TPU; NBR, but also footwear where the sole is extremely soft and thick. 

Following are the advantages and disadvantages of choosing the composite-ULTRA toecap:

Strengths

Points of weakness

Lightness, -40% weight of steel

Poor resistance to fire

Excellent resistance to impact and compression tests

Less constant and repetitive performances

Excellent resistance to corrosion and to chemical agents

 

Not detectable to the metal detector

 

Non-magnetic

 

Dielectric

 

Not cumbersome

 

 

Safety toecap in carbon fibre

SAFiT carbon fibre toecaps guarantee the best performance in terms of impact and crush resistance at the same time. The extreme lightness and the very reduced thickness are the main features of this avant-garde product.

The intertwined and crossed fibres allow greater resistance to impact and crushing.

The production is performed almost entirely by hand, for this reason they are made in China.

The main feature of safety toecap, a-magnetic, composite, in resin and carbon fibre, is that they are extremely rigid, and very thin, guaranteeing very high performances with smaller overall dimensions compared to composite-ULTRA or those made of glass fibre, so they can be compared to the steel version, but weigh 60% less.

  • Specially studied epoxy resin;
    • a chemical and physical formulation specifically designed and customized of the epoxy resin, gives this toecap a high rigidity and the intertwined and crossed carbon fibres allow a high resistance to impact and crushing.
  • On all SAFiT toecaps, in carbon fibre, it is possible to add the PVC rubber.
  • The thickness of the carbon fibre safety toecap is variable, and on the front, has a maximum thickness of 2.7mm, it follows that the internal shape and the outer shape do not require great modification and can replace the steel one with the same performances, if not even higher…

 The carbon fibre toecap is very light, non-magnetic, an excellent electrical insulator, offers exceptional thermal insulation, is particularly recommended for PVC boots; TPU; PU-TPU; NBR, but also on footwear with extreme performances and characteristics. 

Below are the advantages and disadvantages of choosing a carbon fibre toecap:

Strengths

Points of weakness

Lightness, -60% weight of steel

Limited fire resistance

Excellent resistance to impact and compression tests

Less constant and repetitive performances

Excellent resistance to corrosion and to chemical agents

Expensive

Not detectable to the metal detector

 

Non-magnetic

 

Dielectric

 

Minimal encumbrance